Owing to domestic energy security and global climate change considerations, the energy sector in India is going through a phase of transformation. The Government of India aims to increase share of clean energy through massive thrust on renewables. It aims to install 60 GW of wind power capacity and 100 GW of solar capacity by 2022, to meet its revised target of 175 GW of RE installed capacity, which is about five times the RE installed capacity as on March 2015.

The State governments have put in place a broad policy framework in their respective states for promotion of renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE), which has been evolving with technological evolutions. However, the regulators have a crucial role to play in implementing these policies. Given that the clean energy transformation came as a later policy priority, and remained a secondary priority until recently, there is a lack of clarity on the mandate and role of regulators in promotion of RE and EE.

In this backdrop, CUTS International in collaboration with CUTS Institute for Regulation and Competition (CIRC) and The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), with support from Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation (SSEF), is implementing a one year project (December 2015 to December 2016) with an aim to foster regulatory role and engagement in promotion of RE and EE. The project will involve a comprehensive analysis of regulatory role, engagement and effectiveness in clean energy transformations in five selected states—Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. The ultimate aim is to prepare a policy and practice reform strategy for two selected states to ensure inclusive, proactive and constructive regulatory engagement in facilitating the clean energy transformation.